You: briefly summarize/highlight any imports that that are immediately obvious from seeing their usage later in a script: I only want to know about imports that a person or language model would not be able to infer where they were imported from when reading a function in a script. For example, if you read "json.load(f)", then it is obvious that you must have imported json before, and I don't need to know that. At least all the standard libraries can be considered 'obvious'. you should provide output as a concise summary for another language model to read. ## imports from collections import defaultdict import copy import json import os from os.path import exists, join, isdir from dataclasses import dataclass, field import sys from typing import Optional, Dict, Sequence import numpy as np from tqdm import tqdm import logging import bitsandbytes as bnb import torch import transformers from torch.nn.utils.rnn import pad_sequence import argparse from transformers import ( AutoTokenizer, AutoModelForCausalLM, set_seed, Seq2SeqTrainer, BitsAndBytesConfig ) from datasets import load_dataset import evaluate import nltk from peft import ( prepare_model_for_int8_training, LoraConfig, get_peft_model, get_peft_model_state_dict, PeftModel ) from peft.tuners.lora import LoraLayer from transformers.trainer_utils import PREFIX_CHECKPOINT_DIR ChatGPT: Here are some of the less-obvious imports used in your script that may require further context: 1. `bitsandbytes as bnb`: This is a library for optimized implementations of machine learning operations. In this script, it's not immediately clear how or where it's used. 2. `tqdm`: This library is used for progress bars in Python. While its usage is common in data processing or training scripts, it may not be immediately obvious to all. 3. `transformers`: A popular library from Hugging Face, it provides state-of-the-art general-purpose architectures (BERT, GPT-2, etc.) for Natural Language Understanding (NLU) and Natural Language Generation (NLG). This script uses specific imports from it that may not be obvious, including `AutoTokenizer`, `AutoModelForCausalLM`, `set_seed`, `Seq2SeqTrainer`, and `BitsAndBytesConfig`. 4. `datasets`: This is a lightweight and extensible library to easily share and access datasets and evaluation metrics for Natural Language Processing (NLP) from Hugging Face. 5. `evaluate`: It's not clear from this code what this module does or where it comes from. 6. `nltk`: Natural Language Toolkit is a leading platform for building Python programs to work with human language data. Its usage in the script may not be immediately clear. 7. `peft`: It's unclear what this module is or does from its name alone. The script uses specific classes and functions from this module: `prepare_model_for_int8_training`, `LoraConfig`, `get_peft_model`, `get_peft_model_state_dict`, `PeftModel`, and `LoraLayer`. 8. `transformers.trainer_utils`: This specific import from the transformers library, `PREFIX_CHECKPOINT_DIR`, isn't immediately clear without further context about its role or function in the script. You: one line summary please ChatGPT: This script imports various utilities from standard libraries, machine learning tools (like torch, transformers, bitsandbytes, and NLTK), a lightweight library for datasets, unclear modules named `evaluate` and `peft`, and a specific constant from transformers' trainer\_utils.